There were 16 mahajanapadas / kingdoms which are mentioned in the ancient literature and scriptures. It must be noted here that these sixteen. Many prominent ancient Buddhist texts make frequent references to the ’16 great kingdoms’ (mahajanapadas) that flourished between the sixth. Find 16 Mahajanapadas map, refers to sixteen great nations exist before the start of Buddhism in India.

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Most of the historical details about the Mahajanapadas are culled from this literature.

The Nandas usurped the throne of Shishunaga dynasty c. Gandhara was located on the grand northern high road Uttarapatha and was a center of international commercial activities. However, North and South Avanti were integrated at the time of Buddha and Mahavira, during which Ujjaini served as the common capital of the integrated kingdom.

History of “Mahajanapadas” Note: Over a period of time, the kingdom of Anga became a great center of trade, attracting merchants from the neighboring kingdoms. It had river Ganga for its southern, river Gandhak for its eastern and the Himalaya mountains for its northern boundaries.

Its capital was Takshasila Prakrit Taxila. It must be noted here that these sixteen mahajanapadas were in existence before the rise of Buddhism in India.

At one time, Assaka included Mulaka and abutted Avanti. With the exception of the Rigvedic Pramaganda, whose connection with Magadha is very speculative, no other king of Magadha is mentioned in Vedic literature.

The other names for the city were Magadhapura, Brihadrathapura, Vasumati, Kushagrapura and Bimbisarapuri. The commentator of Kautiliya’s Arthashastra identifies Ashmaka with Maharashtra. Like Kuru, Malla kingdom too had monarchical forms of government, but later moved towards the republican form of government. The Mallas originally had a monarchical form of government but later they switched to one of Samgha republicthe members of which called themselves rajas.


Iron Age — BC. The kingdom of the Magadhas roughly corresponded to the modern districts of Patna and Gaya in southern Bihar, and parts of Bengal in the east. During the yearMadhya Pradesh has produced 28, carats of diamonds up to December… Read More The kingdom of the Magadhas roughly corresponded to the modern districts of Patna and Gaya in southern Bihar and parts of Bengal in the east.

According to Gandhara Jataka, at one time, Gandhara formed a part of the kingdom of Kashmir. Vatsa’s geographical location was near the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, corresponding with the territory of modern Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.

University of Calcutta, pp.

With Ayodhya as its capital, Kosala was bound by river Ganges in the south, river Gandak in the east, and the Himalaya mountains in the north. In the Panini grammar, Janapada stands for country and Janapadin for its citizenry.

Mahajanapadas Map

Though Udayana initially opposed mahajanzpadas teachings of the Buddha, he became a follower of Buddha later in his life and even made Buddhism as the state religion of Kausambi.

It is evident that the author of Bhagvati is only interested in the countries of Madhydesa and of the far east and south, since the nations from Uttarapatha, like the Kamboja and Gandhara, are omitted. These scripts also state that there were two Kamboja settlements, a theory which is backed by modern-day historians.

Kuru was born after 25 generations of Puru’s dynasty, and after 15 generations of Kuru, Kauravas and Pandavas were born. In the mediaeval period, the southern frontiers of Chedi extended to the banks of the river Narmada.


They are called Vasishthas Vasetthas in the Mahapparnibbana Suttanta. Each Janapada was named after the Kshatriya tribe or Kshatriya Jana who had settled there [1] [2] [3] [4] [5].

One of the elders was elected as a chief raja or pan or “king consul,” to preside over the assembly.

Tribal 1 was more significant than geographical location in defining the territory of a Janapada, and the sparsity of the population made specific boundary lines unimportant. The Mallas are frequently mentioned in Buddhist and Jain works.

Mahajanapadas – Wikipedia

Taksashila and Pushkalavatithe two cities of this Mahajanapada, are mqhajanapadas to have been named after Taksa and Pushkara, the two sons of Bharataa prince of Ayodhya. According to Gandhara Jataka, at one time, Gandhara formed a part of the kingdom of Kashmir. The Pre-Buddhist north-west region of the Indian sub-continent was divided into several Janapadas demarcated from each other by boundaries.

Sotthivatnagara, the Sukti or Suktimati of Mahabharatawas the capital of Chedi. Kosala was ultimately merged into Magadha when Vidudabha was Kosala’s ruler. Originally a monarchical clanthe Panchals appear to mahajamapadas switched to republican corporation in the 6th and 5th centuries BCE. The Mahajanapadas were a set of sixteen kingdoms that existed in ancient India from the sixth to fourth centuries BCE.