AGMA 2101-D04 PDF

CAUTION NOTICE: AGMA technical publications are subject to constant improvement, ANSI/AGMA D04, Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation. Credit line should read: “Extracted from ANSI/AGMA. Standard D04 or -D04 Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur. Citations should read: See ANSI/AGMA D04, Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur and Helical Gear.

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It is not the intent of this standard that all requirements for quality grades be certified, but that practices and procedures be established for their compliance on a production ahma. The intent of the AGMA strength rating formula is to determine the load which can be transmitted for the design life of the gear drive without causing root fillet cracking.

For gearing in which maximum performance is required, detailed studies must be made of the application, loading, and manufacturing procedures 21101-d04 obtain desirable gradients of both hardness and internal stress.

New Refinements to the Use of AGMA Load Reversal and Reliability Factors

The load reversal factor is discussed in Clause Therefore, conservative selection of all gear capacity calculation influence factors is recommended unless operating experience of an identical design is known. The dynamic response of this system depends on the distribution of the masses, stiffness, and damp- ing. Bearing clearances affect the gear contact in the same way as offset straddle mounted pinions.

The result of this equation will be that the one-way bending endurance limit will zgma at the same reliability level as the fully reversing value used in this equation.

The formulas presented in this standard contain factors whose values vary significantly depending on application, system effects, gear accuracy, manufacturing practice, and definition of gear failure. AGMA technical publications are subject to constant improvement, revision, or withdrawal as dictated by experience.

The dynamic factor, Kv, does not account for gear pair resonance, and operation in this regime is to be avoided. S eG is the one-way bending endurance limit at a normalized reliability level according to Gerber theory, MPa. Mesh alignment factor, KHma.


This effect is addressed by the pinion proportion modifying factor, KHpm. Therefore, only an experienced engineer should apply knowledge of S–N curves to gear calculations.

Calculation methods

Reduced levels of statistical failure higher reliability percentages will result in a higher reliability factor, which in turn reduces the allowable load-carrying capacity gama a material. In one-way bending, the mean stress is always half of the one-way bending endurance limit, S e. Sample A received standard heat treatment, while B was refrigerated at F E.

These factors may not be valid for root forms which are not smooth curves. Allowable stress numbers in this standard tables 3 through 6 are determined or estimated from laboratory tests and accumulated field experiences. In this situation, the program checks whether all the constraints are set and, if not, displays a prompt asking the user if they want to make any modifications.

Av 2101-d004 be approximated using the pitch variation of the pinion and gear with the following formulas, rounded to the next higher integer. Therefore, for gearing of this type, higher 21011-d04 hardnesses are specified for the bending strength.

Safety factor also must consider human safety risk and the economic consequences of failure. The influencing parameters can be categorized into four groups, all of which are normal to the manufacturing process but still cause face misalignments of the mating gear teeth. In such cases, some size factor greater than unity should be used. The rating of gear teeth due to wear is not covered by 2101-r04 standard. Oil film thickness depends on viscosity, load, temperature, and pitch line velocity.

Material on scuffing scoring resistance was added as an annex. Proper evaluation of these factors is essential for realistic ratings. For gearing requiring maximum performance, especially large sizes, coarse pitches, and high working stresses, detailed studies must be made of application, loading, and manufacturing procedures to determine the desired gradients of hardness, strength, and internal residual stresses throughout the tooth.

As the extent of these factors become known with more certainty, the value of the safety factor can be more accurately determined. The ratings of both pinion and gear teeth must be calculated to evaluate differences in geometry factors, number of load cycles, and material properties.


Material on scuffing scoring resistance was added as an annex. This method is recommended for relatively stiff gear designs which meet the following requirements: For the fully reversing bending condition, the mean stress is 0.

For materials other than steel, a range is shown, and the lower values should be used for general design purposes. The adjustment of the ultimate tensile strength, S utfrom the material property reliability level to some selected normalized reliability level is:.

These items in particular, and others in general, are addressed in some standards. HP FP 2 All criteria in any given grade must be met to qualify for the stress number in that grade.

The formulas evaluate gear tooth capacity as influenced by the major factors which affect gear tooth pitting and gear tooth fracture at the fillet radius. Proper evaluation of these factors is essential for realistic ratings. Therefore, the transmitted tangential load will vary. The rim thickness factor, KB, is not sufficiently conservative for components with notches, hoop stresses or keyways.

The principal source of coulomb or viscous damping is the shaft bearings.

Micropitting generally occurs in the dedendum of a speed reducing pinion, but it can develop anywhere along the active profile of 21011-d04 tooth. The Gerber failure theory also applies to both fully reversing and one-way bending conditions. The normalized reliability level in the AGMA rating standard where the reliability factor is 1. For a case hardened gear, the analysis of allowable yield properties should include a stress calculation through a cross section 21101-d04 the material.

Consideration should be given to: It also reflects a change to clause 10, dealing with the relationship between service factor and stress cycle factor.

In such cases, 16?