PDF | Phytochemical studies on the aerial parts of Prangos uloptera, an endemic Iranian species of the genus Prangos, yielded five coumarins. Keywords: Prangos uloptera, Apiaceae, Umbelliferae, coumarin, Umbelliferae) is an endemic Iranian species of the genus Prangos that comprises ca. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of coumarins from the roots of Ferulago campestris (Apiaceae). Basile A(1), Sorbo S, Spadaro V, Bruno.
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The release of nitric oxide may be mediated via phosphodiasterase inhibition which prolongs the activity of cGMP and cAMP intracellularly. Centella asiatica may also be specific for injury to nerves and highly innervated areas by promoting axonal regeneration.
Lomatium dissectum contains a relatively uncommon water soluable coumarin apiose. Effects of osthol on blood pressure and lipid metabolism in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Other investigations report that Centella promotes granular tissue, the strength of the granular tissue and hydroxyproline content is both normal situations and steroid-suppressed healing response.
Insulin-like or insulin-promoting activities have been reported by Ammi extracts with measureable increases in glucose uptake.
Synthesis and antidiabetic activity of some new furochromonyl-2,4-thiazolidinediones. Antihyperlipidemic and antidiabetic effects of a;iaceae in streptozotocin diabetic rats.
Views Read Edit View history. And the seeds of many of the Apiacea species such as the culinary species are fairly nourishing containing macrominerals such as Calcium, Zinc, Iron, Sulfer Mangesium, and Potassium, and trace minerals such as phosphorus, chromium, manganese, boron, fluoride, selenium, cobalt, lithium, rubidium silicon and copper. Apiaceae family plants are noted to accumulate flavinoids, mainly in the form of flavones and flavonols, many having significant antioxidant and antiinolammatory effects.
Modern molecular investigations, however, find that these categories do not necessarily make sense according to chemical constituent groupings.
Some research has suggested that furanochromones form photoadducts with DNA of microbes and therby are able to kill pathogens. Research into how estrogens and adrogens might activate cholinergic activity is underway. Lothario Meissner, – Jd. Blood glucose and liver enzymes were also noted to improve. Centella has been shown useful in promoting epithelial regeneration following frrom.
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Chromatographic analyses of the n -hexane extract of the aerial parts of P. The UV absorbance was recorded at nm. The phototoxicity of 8-methoxythionepsoralen and 6-methylthionecoumarin.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The poisonous Oenanthe crocata has been used to stupefy fish, Cicuta douglasii has been used as an aid in suicides, and arrow poisons have been made from various other family species. Visnagin may also interact with phosphodiasterase enzymes having a apiacewe effect. Water-soluble constituents of Lomatium dissectum. Xanthoxin is also found in Ammi majus.
THE APIACEAE FAMILY – Medicinal Plant Research Summary
When the content of coniine is high, ingestion may be fatal due to respiratory failure and paralysis of the motor nerves, which lead to coma and death. Carrot seed extracts are noted to inhibit COX enzymes in league with these pharmaceuticals. They then prey upon insect pests on nearby plants. Phytochemical studies on the aerial parts of Prangos ulopteraan endemic Iranian species of the genus Prangosyielded five coumarins, xanthotoxin 1prangenin 2scopoletin 3deltoin 4 and prangolarin 5.
The topical application of a Foeniculum essential oil containing emulsion has also shown efficacy for infantile colic in double-blind placebo controlled trials.
The chemical investigations on the ripe fruits of Ammi visnaga Lam.
Apium graveolans is noted to reduce cholesterol without interfering with general metabolism of hepatic sterols. Chem Pharm Bull Effects of psoralen-UV-A-Turban in alopecia areata.
Apiaceae – Wikipedia
Apiaceae Coumarin and Vascular Effects Coumarins from Angelica species have been noted to posess platelet anti-aggregating effects either equal to or greatly surpassing that of aspirin. These infloresences may hold themselves in a shape quite spherical, a shape that is broad and disk-like, an umbel with a flat top, an fom with a rounded top, or as an umbel with a sphere on the tip of each ray.
Coumarins Coumarin, Pyranocoumarin, Furanocoumarin,Furocoumarin Linear furanocoumarins — psoralen, bergapten, xanthotoxin, anglicin, isopimpinellin, imperatorin and umbelliferone. Pharmacological and biochemical actions of simple coumarins: